Cycad Cycads are gymnosperms naked seeded , meaning their unfertilized seeds are open to the air to be directly fertilized by pollination, as contrasted with angiosperms, which have enclosed seeds with complex fertilization arrangements Cycads have very specialized pollinators, usually a specific species of Cycad plant order Britannica Cycad Cycad, any of the palmlike woody plants that constitute the order Cycadales The order consists of three extant families Cycadaceae, Stangeriaceae, and Zamiaceae which contain genera and species Some authorities use the term cycad to refer to all members of the division Cycadophyta. Introduction to the Cycads UCMP Cycads are an ancient group of seed plants with a crown of large compound leaves and a stout trunk They are a minor component of the flora in tropical and subtropical regions today, but during the Jurassic Period , they were a common sight in many parts of the world. Cycad Definition of Cycad by Merriam Webster A cycad is a tropical palmlike evergreen plant Cycads flourished especially during the Jurassic and are represented by four surviving families Cycads have crowns of large, feathery compound leaves and cones at the ends of their branches Some have tall, unbranched trunks others have partially buried stems with swollen trunks. CYCADS Cycads are living fossils Rare plants that have survived over million years, since the time of the dinosaurs, before flowering plants existed Cycads are drought tolerant and environmentally friendly They need little water or other resources to thrive in a garden or in pots. Encephalartos Cycads The Species Jungle Music CYCADS ENCEPHALARTOS THE SPECIES All Encephalartos cycads are only natively from Africa None are naturally found on any other continent The highest concentration of species is in South Africa.